Herrmann, T., Janzen, G., Katz, S. & Schweizer, K. (2000). Oblique Angled Intersections and Barriers: Navigating through a Virtual Maze, Spatial Cognition II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 1849. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
Abstract The configuration of a spatial layout has a substantial effect on the acquisition and the representation of the environment. In four experiments, we investigated navigation difficulties arising at oblique angled intersections. In the first three studies we investigated specific arrow-fork configurations. In dependence on the branch subjects use to enter the intersection different decision latencies and numbers of errors arise. If subjects see the intersection as a fork, it is more difficult to find the correct way as if it is seen as an arrow. In a fourth study we investigated different heuristics people use while making a detour around a barrier. Detour behaviour varies with the perspective. If subjects learn and navigate through the maze in a field perspective they use a heuristic of preferring right angled paths. If they have a view from above and acquire their knowledge in an observer perspective they use oblique angled paths more often.